IGNOU MA Economics Syllabus 2022: Download PDF

Last updated on November 18th, 2022 at 12:31 am

IGNOU MA Economics Syllabus

IGNOU MA Economics Syllabus can be read or download from here. Candidates can download syllabus PDF from the given link below.

MA Economics Details

  • Required Eligibility – Bachelor Degree from a recognised university.
  • Course Duration – 2 Years (4 Years Maximum)
  • Fee – 14,000
  • Session – January and July
  • Maximum Age – No Maximum Age
  • Medium – – English
  • School – School of Humanities (SOH)
  • Course Code – MEC
  • Course Name – Master of Arts (Economics)

IGNOU MA Economics 1st Year Course

Course CodeTitle of CourseType of CourseCreditsNo. of Blocks
MEC-101Microeconomics AnalysisCompulsory67
MEC-102Macroeconomics AnalysisCompulsory67
MEC-103Quantitative Methods for
Economic Analysis
MEC-104Economics of Growth
and Development
MEC-105Indian Economic PolicyCompulsory66

IGNOU MA Economics 2nd Year Course

Course CodeTitle of CourseType of CourseCreditsNo. of Blocks
MEC-006Public EconomicsCompulsory65
MEC-007International Trade and FinanceCompulsory66
MEC-108Economics of Social
Sector and Environment
MEC-109Research Methods in EconomicsCompulsory65
MECE-001Econometric MethodsOptional65
MECE-003Actuarial Economics: Theory and PracticeOptional67
MECE-004Financial Institutions and MarketsOptional65
MECP-101Project WorkOptional6Project Guide
MGSE-009Gender Issues in Work Employment and ProductivityOptional43
MWG-011Women in the EconomyOptional86
MEDSE-046Development: Issues and ProspectivesOptional65

DETAILS OF MA (ECONOMICS) Syllabus of Course

A. Details of Compulsory Courses


The course analyses the economic behaviour of individuals, firms and markets. It is mainly concerned with the objective of equipping the students in a rigorous and comprehensive manner with various aspects of consumer behaviour and demand analysis, production theory and behaviour of costs, the theory of traditional markets and equilibrium of firm in modern non-profit maximizing framework. The course also deals with the micro and macro theories of distribution, welfare economics, and general equilibrium in closed and open systems and analysis of economic behaviour under uncertainty.

Block 1 : Consumer Behaviour

Unit 1 : Theory of Consumer Behavior: Basic Themes

Unit 2 : Theory of Demand

Unit 3 : Theory of Demand : Some Recent Developments

Block 2 : Producer Behaviour

Unit 4 : Theory of Production

Unit 5 : Theory of Cost

Unit 6 : Production Economics

Block 3 : Price and Output Determination

Unit 7 : Perfect Competition

Unit 8 : Monopoly

Unit 9 : Monopolistic Competition

Unit 10 : Oligopoly

Block 4 : General Equilibrium

Unit 11 : General Equilibrium : Pure Exchange Model

Unit 12 : General Equilibrium with Production

Block 5 : Welfare Economics

Unit 13 : Pigovian vs. Paretian Approach

Unit 14 : Social Welfare Function

Unit 15 : Imperfect Market, Externality and Public Goods

Unit 16 : Social Choice and Welfare

Block 6 : Economics of Uncertainty

Unit 17 : Choice in Uncertain Situations

Unit 18 : Insurance Choice and Risk

Unit 19 : Economics of Information

Block 7 : Non-Cooperative Game Theory-I

Unit 20 : Static Games of Complete Information

Unit 21 : Static Games with Complete Information: Applications

Unit 22 : Dynamic Games with Complete Information

Block 8 : Non-Cooperative Game Theory-II

Unit 23 : Static Games of Incomplete Information (with Application to Auction)

Unit 24 : Dynamic Games with Incomplete Information: Perfect Bayesian Equilibrium

Unit 25 : Signaling Games and their Application

Unit 26 : Refinements of Perfect Bayesian Equilibrium


Macroeconomics or aggregative economics analyses and establishes the functional relationship between economy level/aggregates. Aggregative analysis has assumed such a great significance in recent times that a prior understanding of macroeconomic theoretical structure is considered essential for proper comprehension of different issues and policies. Macroeconomics now is not only a scientific method of analysis but also a body of empirical economic knowledge. The course equips the students at the postgraduate level to understand systemic facts and theoretical developments for empirical analysis.

Block 1 : Traditional Approaches to Macroeconomics

Unit 1 : Classical and Keynesian Approaches

Unit 2 : Neoclassical Synthesis

Block 2 : Economic Growth

Unit 3 : The Solow Model

Unit 4 : Endogenous Growth Model

Block 3 : Rational Expectations

Unit 5 : Rational Expectations and Economic Theory

Unit 6 : Policy-Making under Uncertainty

Block 4 : Inter-temporal Decision-Making

Unit 7 : Consumption and Asset Prices

Unit 8 : The Ramsey Model

Unit 9 : The Overlapping Generations Model

Unit 10 : Money and the Role of Monetary Policy

Block 5 : Economic Fluctuations

Unit 11 : Traditional Theories of Business Cycles

Unit 12 : Real Business Cycles

Block 6 : Unemployment

Unit 13 : Traditional Theories

Unit 14 : Search Theory and Unemployment

Unit 15 : Nominal and Real Rigidities

Unit 16 : New-Keynesian Theories of Unemployment

Block 7 : Open-Economy Macro-Modelling

Unit 17 : Flexible Exchange-Rate System

Unit 18 : Fixed-Exchange Rate System

Unit 19 : Sluggish Price Adjustment


The main objective of the course is to train the students to use the techniques of mathematical and statistical analysis, which are commonly applied to understand and analyse economic problems. The emphasis of the course is on understanding economic concepts with the help of mathematical methods rather than learning mathematics itself. Hence in this course a student will be initiated into various economic concepts, which are amenable to mathematical treatment. The course also deals with simple tools and techniques, which will help a student in data collection, presentation, analysis and drawing inferences about various statistical hypotheses.

Block 1 : Introduction to Differential Calculus

Unit 1 : Set Theory

Unit 2 : Functions and their Graphical Representation

Unit 3 : Differential Calculus: Functions, Limit and Continuity

Block 2 : Extreme Values and Optimisation

Unit 4 : Maxima and Minima

Unit 5 : Unconstrained Optimisation

Unit 6 : Constrained Optimisation

Block 3 : Integral Calculus and Economic Dynamics

Unit 7 : Integration Techniques

Unit 8 : Integration and Economic Dynamics

Unit 9 : Difference Equations and Applications in Economic Dynamics

Block 4 : Linear Algebra and Economic Applications

Unit 10 : Vector Analysis

Unit 11 : Linear Algebra

Unit 12 : Input-Output Analysis

Unit 13 : Linear Programming

Block 5 : Statistical Methods-I

Unit 14 : Descriptive Statistics

Unit 15 : Correlation and Regression Analysis

Unit 16 : Probability Theory

Unit 17 : Probability Distribution

Block 6 : Statistical Methods-II

Unit 18 : Sampling Theory

Unit 19 : Sampling Distributions

Unit 20 : Statistical Inferences


The study of economic development has gained importance because of sustained interest of the developing countries in uplifting their economic conditions by restructuring their economies to acquire greater diversity, efficiency and equity in consonance with their priorities. While few success stories can be counted, many have grappled with chronic problems of narrow economic base, inefficiency and low standard of living. For this and other reasons, there have been many approaches to economic development. In recent times, besides hardcore economic prescriptions to development, concerns hitherto relegated to background like education, health, sanitation and infrastructure development, have found a place of pride in explaining the preference to various economies.

Units incorporated in the course are devoted to theories of growth and development, social and institutional aspects of development, importance of agriculture, and the rationale and pattern of industrialization in developing countries. Other important issues in the context of development such as infrastructure-linkages, role of international trade, importance of domestic macroeconomic policies, investment criteria, and relevance of planning have been included in the units.

Block 1 : Economic Growth Models – I

Unit 1 : Introduction to Economic Growth

Unit 2 : Harrod-Domar Growth Model

Unit 3 : Neo-classical Growth Models

Block 2 : Economic Growth Models –II

Unit 4 : Growth and Distribution

Unit 5 : Total Factor Productivity and Growth Accounting

Unit 6 : Technological Change and Progress

Block 3 : Economic Growth Model-III

Unit 7 : Models of Optimal Economic Growth

Unit 8 : Multi-Sector Models of Growth

Unit 9 : Endogenous Growth Models

Unit 10 : Stochastic Growth Models

Block 4 : Social and Institutional Aspects of Development

Unit 11 : Development and Underdevelopment

Unit 12 : Measurement and Indicators of Development

Unit 13 : Population and Development

Unit 14 : Economic Development and Institutions

Unit 15 : Market Incompleteness and Informal Institutions in the Rural Economy

Block 5 : Theories of Development

Unit 16 : Classical Theories of Development

Unit 17 : Schumpeter and Capitalistic Development

Unit 18 : Theories of Underdevelopment

Block 6 : Development Strategies

Unit 19 : Allocation of Resources

Unit 20 : Cost-Benefit Analysis

Unit 21 : Role of Planning

Unit 22 : Trade and Development


This course presents an analytical framework within which the Indian economic policy is formulated and implemented. Indian economic policy influences the economic environment and in turn is conditioned by the environment. This two-way relationship has been examined in the present course. We would present and integrated approach to different aspects of policy making.

In the background of Indian economic development during the last six decades, three major economic policy instruments, i.e. Monetary and Credit Policy, Fiscal Policy, Trade Policy and at the sectoral level, Agricultural Policy, Industrial Policy, and Policies relating to services sector have been discussed. Monitoring and implementation of economic policies have also been examined.

Block 1 : Indian Economic Development: An Overview

Unit 1 : Growth and Structure of Indian Economy

Unit 2 : Population and Human Resources

Unit 3 : Natural Resources and Environment

Unit 4 : Physical Infrastructure

Block 2 : Development Strategies in India

Unit 5 : State Planning and Markets: Policy Choices

Unit 6 : Economic Reforms in India

Unit 7 : Major Developments in Post Economic Reforms Period

Block 3 : Sectoral Developments

Unit 8 : Issues and Concerns of Indian Agriculture

Unit 9 : Industrial Development in India: An Overview

Unit 10 : Services Sector

Block 4 : Major Issues Confronting Indian Economic Policy

Unit 11 : Poverty, Inequality and Inclusive Growth

Unit 12 : Employment and Unemployment: Policy Implications

Unit 13 : Regional disparity in India

Block 5 : Monetary and Fiscal Policies in India

Unit 14 : Credit and Monetary Policy

Unit 15 : Capital Market and its Regulation

Unit 16 : Public Finance and Fiscal Policy

Unit 17 : Fiscal Federalism in India

Block 6 : External Sector and Trade Policy

Unit 18 : Foreign Trade and Balance of Payment

Unit 19 : Foriegn Capital

Unit 20 : Trade Policy

Block 7 : Sector Specific Policies

Unit 21 : Agricultural Policy

Unit 22 : Industrial Policy

Unit 23 : Policies Relating to Services Sector

Block 8 : Implementation and Monitoring of Economic Policies

Unit 24 : Livelihood Protection and Social Security Measures with Special References to MNREGA

Unit 25 : Political Economy of Indian Development

Unit 26 : Ingredients of Good Governance


Role and functions of the government in an economy have been changing with the passage of time. The term public finance has traditionally been applied to the package of those policies and operations, which involve the use of tax and expenditure measures while budgetary policy is an important part to understand the basic problems of use of resources and distribution of income.

There are vast array of fiscal institutions – tax systems, expenditure programme, budgetary procedures, stabilization instruments, debt issues, levels of government, etc., which raise a spectrum of issues arising from the operation of these institutions. Further, the existence of externalities, concern for adjustment in the distribution of income and wealth, etc. require political processes for their solution in a manner, which combines individual freedom and justice. The course combines a thorough understanding of fiscal institutions with a careful analysis of the issues, which underline budgetary policies in general and Indian experience in particular.

Block 1 : Public Economics: Basic Concepts

Unit 1 : Welfare Foundations of Economic Policies

Unit 2 : Theory of Market Failure

Unit 3 : Voting and Local Public Goods

Block 2 : Social Choice and Collective Decision Making

Unit 4 : Arrow’s Impossibility Theorem: Social Choice and Individual Values

Unit 5 : Normative Models: Equity and Justice

Unit 6 : Spatial Voting Models

Block 3 : Public Policy: Mechanism Design, Agenda Setting and Information

Unit 7 : The Basics of Public Policy

Unit 8 : Mechanism Design

Unit 9 : International Policy Coordination

Block 4 : Economics of Taxation

Unit 10 : Commodity Taxes

Unit 11 : Direct Taxes

Unit 12 : Introduction to Optimal Taxation

Block 5 : Public Debt

Unit 13 : Theory of Public Debt

Unit 14 : Sources of Public Debt

Unit 15 : Management of Public Debt

Block 6 : Fiscal Federalism

Unit 16 : Fiscal Federalism and Fiscal Policy

Unit 17 : Equity and Efficiency Issues

Unit 18 : State and Local Goods


The course aims to provide an understanding of the theories that tend to govern the flow of trade in goods, services and capital across nations. While acquainting the students with these doctrines and their limitations, the contents of the course are spread over different units, laying stress on the theoretical foundations of trade theory which, in turn, will help in examining the impact of such theories on trade policies as are followed at national and international levels. The course also provides an idea of the welfare implications of these policies relating to trade, at macro level. It also would cover issues of the distribution of gains from trade between the North and South with particular reference to India. The study of international trade and finance in this course aims to make the students familiar with the likely consequences of globalisation on income, employment, social standards and the possible policy solutions as the world moves in the 21st Century.

Block 1 : International Trade Theory

Unit 1 : Free Trade Theory

Unit 2 : Alternative Explanations of Trade

Unit 3 : Gains from Free Trade and Welfare

Block 2 : Trade Policy

Unit 4 : Theories of Protectionism;

Unit 5 : Role of WTO in Trade Policy

Unit 6 : Multilateralism and Problems of Developing Countries with WTO

Block 3 : Balance of Payments, BoP Adjustments, Exchange Rates

Unit 7 : Balance of Payments: Introduction

Unit 8 : International Monetary Systems and Exchange Rate Regimes

Unit 9 : International Financial Institutions

Unit 10 : International Debt and the Role of Financial Institutions

Block 4 : Globalisation, Trade and Developing Countries

Unit 11 : Trade and Development

Unit 12 : Issues Related to Trade in Primary Commodities

Unit 13 : Issues on Trade in Services (GATS)

Unit 14 : Trade Negotiations under the WTO: A Historical View

Block 5 : Theory of Regional Blocs

Unit 15 : Regional Trading Blocs

Unit 16 : International Capital Mobility and the Emerging Monetary System

Block 6 : International Trade and Payments in India

Unit 17 : India’s Trade Policy: Historical Perspective and Recent Developments

Unit 18 : India’s Balance of Payments

Unit 19 : Trade and Development in India


The course is meant to provide insights into the application of economic theory in the design and implementation of public policy related to the management of environment and social sectors.

The course finds roots in welfare economics, national income accounting, macroeconomic policies and trade and development.

Units incorporated in the course are devoted to issues of environmental economics, environmental and social services and the problem of valuation of these services, and designing of instruments and institutions for the management of environment. The models of optimal use of natural resources, macroeconomic issues, sustainable development, environmental resource problems in India and the economics of health and education constitute the other areas of the course.

Block 1 : Society, Environment and Economy

Unit 1 : Society, State and Market

Unit 2 : Economy and Environment

Unit 3 : Society and Environment

Block 2 : Economics of Education

Unit 4 : Demand for Educational Services

Unit 5 : Supply of Educational Services

Unit 6 : Determinants of Educational Services

Block 3 : Economics of Health

Unit 7 : Demand for Health Services

Unit 8 : Supply of Health Services

Unit 9 : Determinants of Health Services

Block 4 : Economics of Environment

Unit 10 : Demand for Natural and Environmental Resources

Unit 11 : Supply of Environmental and Ecosystem Services

Unit 12 : Determinants of Environmental Resources

Block 5 : Sustainable Development

Unit 13 : PIllars of Sustainable Development

Unit 14 : Green Accounting and Environmental Cost Benefit Analysis

Unit 15 : Common Property Resources Management

Block 6 : Institutions and Policies

Unit 16 : Education Sector

Unit 17 : Health Sector

Unit 18 : Environmental Sector I

Unit 19 : Environmental Sector II


Many of the students at post-graduate level intend to pursue research degree programme after completion of their Master’s degree in Economics. This course will be an effort to develop such an aptitude among them. The objective of the course is to equip the learners with the research methods which are applied in undertaking the research projects/programmes in Economics. 

This course will introduce and familiarise the students the issues and perspectives of research methodology, research design and tools of data collation and data analysis.

Broadly there are two types of Research Methods : Mono methods, and Mixed Methods. Within Mono Methods again there are two methods – Quantitative methods, and Qualitative methods.

The combination of at least one qualitative and at least one quantitative component in a single research study/project on Programme is known as mixed methods research. With a view to provide the balanced treatment to Quantitative and Qualitative Research, efforts have been made to include both the approaches. It is expected that the knowledge of quantitative and qualitative methods will better equip the students to carry out the research studies in more realistic manner.

Block 1 : Research Methodology: Issues and Perspectives

Unit 1 : Research Methodology: Conceptual Foundations

Unit 2 : Approaches to Scientific Knowledge: Positivism and Post Positivism

Unit 3 : Models of Scientific Explanation

Unit 4 : Debates on Models of Explanation in Economics

Unit 5 : Foundations of Qualitative Research: Interpretitivism and Critical Theory Paradigm

Block 2 : Research Design and Measurement

Unit 6 : Research Design and Mix Methods Research

Unit 7 : Data Collection & Sampling Design

Unit 8 : Measurement and Scaling Techniques

Block 3 : Quantitative Methods-I

Unit 9 : Two Variable Regression Models

Unit 10 : Multiple Regression Models

Unit 11 : Measures of Inequality

Unit 12 : Construction of composite index number in social sciences

Block 4 : Quantitative Methods-II

Unit 13 : Multivariate Analysis: Factor Analysis

Unit 14 : Canonical Correlation Analysis

Unit 15 : Cluster Analysis

Unit 16 : Correspondence Analysis

Unit 17 : Structural Equation Modelling (SEM)

Block 5 : Qualitative Methods

Unit 18 : Participatory Methods

Unit 19 : Conent Analysis

Unit 20 : Action Research

Block 6 : Data Base of Indian Economy

Unit 21 : Macro-variable Data: National Income, Saving and Investment

Unit 22 : Agricultural and Industrial Data

Unit 23 : Trade and Finance

Unit 24 : Social Sector

B. Optional Courses


In the MA (Economics) programme the student can opt for MECP-001: Project Work. 

The evaluation of which is based on submission of a Project Report and viva voce examination on the project report submitted. 

There is no assignment for MECP-101.

The student is expected to conduct an in-depth study on a topic and reveal his/her analytical and presentation skills. Therefore, the topic for the project report should be precise. Project Report should be of about 15,000-20,000 words (about 50-60 pages), typed double space. A Project Guide is dispatched to students along with study material to help him/her in preparing the Project Report.

You can have a supervisor from the Academic Counsellors of MEC courses at the Study Centre or a faculty of a Research Institute involved in research activities for preparation of the Project Report. The student is expected to develop a Project Proposal in consultation with the supervisor approved by the faculty at the Headquarters. The Project Proposal duly endorsed by the supervisor is submitted to the Course Coordinator, MECP-101 course, School of Social Sciences, IGNOU, New Delhi for approval. Project Report submitted without a supervisor or without the approval of the proposal by the Faculty of Economics at IGNOU Headquarters will not be accepted for evaluation by Student Evaluation Division.

Before writing the Project Report, the Project Proposal should be sent for approval to ‘The

Course Coordinator, MECP-101 Course, Block F, School of Social Science, IGNOU Campus, Maidan Garhi, New Delhi 110 068’. A proforma for submission of Project Proposal is included in the Project Guide.

When the Project Report is complete, it should be sent to the Registrar Student Evaluation

Division, IGNOU, Maidan Garhi, New Delhi-68 for evaluation purposes. Completed project

report should NOT be sent to the Course Coordinator/ Faculty of Economics.


Applications of economic theory need a reasonable understanding of economic relationships

and relevant statistical methods. The econometric theory thus becomes a powerful tool for

understanding of applied economic relationships and for meaningful research in economics.

The course accordingly is devoted to equip students with basic theory of econometrics and

relevant applications of the methods. The topics covered in the course include various problems faced in estimation of both single equations and simultaneous equations models. The course also covers various econometric methods applicable to different topics in economics and those needed for applied economic research. The course requires a good understanding of calculus on the part of the learner.

Block 1 : Basic Econometric Theory

Unit 1 : Introduction to Econometrics

Unit 2 : Estimation of Two-variable Regression Model

Unit 3 : Statistical Inference in Simple Regression Models

Unit 4 : Multiple Regression Model

Unit 5 : Generalised Least Squares

Block 2 : Treatment of Violations of Basic Assumptions

Unit 6 : Multicollinearity

Unit 7 : Auto Correlation

Unit 8 : Heteroscedasticity

Unit 9 : Errors in Variables

Block 3 : Extensions of Regression Models

Unit 10 : Dummy Variable Models

Unit 11 : Autoregressive and Distributed Lag Models

Unit 12 : Discrete Dependent Variable Models

Block 4 : Simultaneous Equation Models

Unit 13 : Introduction to Simultaneous Equation Models

Unit 14 : Identification Problem

Unit 15 : Estimation of simultaneous Equation Models

Block 5 : Multivariate Analysis

Unit 16 : Introduction to Multivariate Analysis

Unit 17 : Principal Component Analysis

Unit 18 : Factor Analysis


The course develops the basic actuarial techniques that are used for insurance purposes. It covers the techniques drawn from statistics, financial mathematics along with the insights of economic theory to equip the learners with the insurance processes. The course requires a good understanding of quantitative methods on the part of the learner.

Block 1 : Quantitative Techniques for Risk Analsysis

Unit1 : Applied Probability I

Unit2 : Applied Probability II

Unit 3 : Stochastic Process

Unit 4 : Application to Finance

Block 2 : Actuarial Techniques I

Unit 5 : Valuing Risk Management

Unit 6 : Stochastic Models in Insurance

Unit 7 : Theory of Interest

Block 3 : Actuarial Modelling I

Unit 8 : Life Insurance

Unit 9 : Collective Insurance and Company Operations

Unit 10 : Insurance Pricing

Block 4 : Actuarial Techniques II

Unit 11 : Cash Flow Projections

Unit 12 : Life Contingencies

Unit 13 : Credibility Theory

Block 5 : Actuarial Modelling II

Unit 14 : Reinsurance

Unit 15 : Extreme Value

Unit 16 : Stochastic Control and Insurance

Block 6 : Non-Life Reserving and Accounts

Unit 17 : Reserving Techniques

Unit 18 : Dynamic Financial Analysis

Block 7 : Introduction to Regulation of Insurance

Unit 19 : Forms of Regulation

Unit 20 : Regulation of Insurance in India


The positive and significant role of financial institutions in the process of growth and development has been well recognised in the literature and indeed has become more important during the last two decades as the financial systems of different countries have become integrated in the process of globalisation. India is no exception and has taken far reaching measures since 1991 in this direction. It is, therefore, essential that students of economics should be well conversant with the theory and practice of different financial institutions and markets to understand and analyse the interconnection between monetary forces and real forces, their developmental role and limitations in shaping and influencing the monetary and related policies both at national and international levels.

Block 1 : Nature and Role of Financial System

Unit 1 : The Role of Financial Markets in the Economy

Unit 2 : Money and Finance

Unit 3 : Risk and Financial Assets

Unit 4 : Interest Rates and Cash Flows

Block 2 : Financial Markets

Unit 5 : Money Markets

Unit 6 : Capital and Equity Markets

Unit 7 : Derivatives Markets

Unit 8 : Structure of Financial Markets

Block 3 : Financial Institutions

Unit 9 : Financial Intermediaries

Unit 10 : Commercial Banking

Unit 11 : Investment Banking

Unit 12 : Trading and Exchanges

Block 4 : The Financial Sector and Monetary Policy

Unit 13 : Money and the Economy

Unit 14 : Money Creation and Central Banking

Unit 15 : Interest Rate Risk

Unit 16 : Credit Risk and Other Risks

Block 5 : International Financial Markets

Unit 17 : Exchange Rates

Unit 18 : Rise and Fall of Brettonwood Institutions

Unit 19 : Regional Financial Institutions


Block 1 : Gender Issues in Work

Unit 1 : Gender Issues in Work

Unit 2 : Valuation of Women’s Work

Unit 3 : Participation of Women in Pre-industrial and Industrial Socieities

Block 2 : Women’s Contribution to National Economy

Unit 4 : Women in Care Economy

Unit 5 : Women in Shadow Employment

Unit 6 : Search Theories

Unit 7 : The Indispensability of Voice Organizing for Social Protection in the Information


Unit 8 : Towards a ‘Generative’ Model of Social Protection Making the Links to

Development Policy

Block 3 : Gender and Labour Markets

Unit 9 : Labour Market Segmentation

Unit 10 : Gender Differential Impact on Labour Market

Unit 11 : Wage Differentials

Unit 12 : Social Security

Unit 13 : Legal Responses to Work


Block 1 : Conceptualizing Women’s Work

Unit 1 : Defining Work

Unit 2 : Productive and Reproductive Work

Unit 3 : Segmentation

Unit 4 : Estimating Women’s Work

Block 2 : Historiographical Issues and Debates in Women’s Work

Unit 5 : International Debates

Unit 6 : Indian Debates-I

Unit 7 : Indian Debates-II

Unit 8 : Mobilization and Resistance

Block 3 : Participation

Unit 9 : Issues Concerning Participation

Unit 10 : Locations

Unit 11 : Sectors

Unit 12 : Occupation

Block 4 : Migration

Unit 13 : Theories and Typologies of Migration

Unit 14 : Migration, Inequality and Social Change

Unit 15 : Migration and Vulnerabilities to Trafficking

Unit 16 : Migration and Development

Block 5 : Legislation, Social Protection and Policy

Unit 17 : Frameworks and Approaches

Unit 18 : Important Legislation and Landmark Judgments

Unit 19 : Welfare and Social Security Measures

Unit 20 : Women in Planning and Social Policy

Block 6 : Women and Globalization

Unit 21 : Globalization and Economic Change

Unit 22 : New International Division of Labour

Unit 23 : Questions of Feminization and Margination


Block 1 : Development – An Overview

Unit 1 : Development Introduction and Paradigm

Unit 2 : Economic Development

Unit 3 : Human Development

Unit 4 : Political Development

Block 2 : Basic Issues in Development-I

Unit 5 : Population

Unit 6 : Poverty

Unit 7 : Inequality

Unit 8 : Unemployemnt

Block 3 : Basic Issues in Development-II

Unit 9 : Social and Cultural Issues in Development

Unit 10 : Development and Disparties

Unit 11 : Inclusive Development

Unit 12 : Marginalization

Block 4 : Sectoral Issues in Development

Unit 13 : Agriculture

Unit 14 : Industry

Unit 15 : Infrastucture

Unit 16 : Service

Block 5 : Sectoral Issues in Development-II

Unit 21 : Education

Unit 22 : Health

Unit 23 : Gender

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