KVS PGT Biology Syllabus

KVS PGT Biology Syllabus

KVS PGT Biology Syllabus can be read or downloaded here. Kendriya Vidayala Sangthan conducts exam for various post.


KVS PGT Biology Detailed Syllabus and Pattern

This is the syllabus and pattern of PGT Biology. 150 Questions are asked in this exam. Total time 02:30 hours is given.

S.No. PGT (Post Graduate Teachers)
No. Questions Maximum Marks
1 Subject Competency 80 80
2 Academics 20 20
3 General Aptitude

(i) General Knowledge (18 Questions)
(ii) Reasoning Aptitude (12 Questions)
(iii) Quantitative Aptitude (06 Questions)
(iv) General Hindi & General English (14)

50 50
Total (Duration of LDE: 2 Hours 30 Minutes 150 150

KVS PGT Syllabus in Detail

You can analyze complete syllabus that is given below. General aptitude is also given in detail.

Topics Details Number of Questions
General Knowledge
That Do no require subject specialization
A. Current Affairs/events of national and international importance
B. History of India and Indian National Movements.
C. Indian and World Geography- Physical, Social, Economic geography and of India and the world etc.
D. Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Issues, Articles, Rights etc.
E. Economic and Social Development – Sustainable development, poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social sectors initiatives etc.
F. General issues on Environment, Ecology, Bio-diversity, Climate Change, General Science, General Computer & Computer Literacy.
Reasoning Aptitude A. General Mental/ Analytical Ability
B. Verbal/Logical Reasoning, Relations & Hierarchies
C. Analogies, Assertion, Truth Statements.
D. Coding and Decoding, Situational Reasoning.
E. Series and Patterns involving words and alphabets.
Hindi & English Knowledge A. Proficiency related to the language, Elements of Language, Pedagogy of language development,
Communication and Comprehension abilities, Speaking, Listening, Reading and Writing proficiencies etc.
Quantitative Aptitude A. Two and Three dimensional/Venn diagrams based questions
B. Number Patterns, Series, Sequences, Basic Numeracy
C. Arithmetic aptitude, Data interpretation (Charts, Graphs or tables, Data sufficiency etc.)
D. Direction sense, Analysis and interpretation in various contexts.
General Aptitude Total Marks 50


Knowledge/Areas/Skill to be tested

A. Subject Competency- (80 Marks)

(As per annexure)

B. Academics: (20 Marks)

  • Pedagogy
  • Teaching methodology
  • Basics of ICT and Educational psychology
  • Instructional leadership assessment & other related issues.
  • Admission Guidelines Code of Conduct of teachers and students
  • Rules for Examination and Promotion & Scheme of Studies and Syllabus.
  • Academic supervision
  • Health Services in schools.

C. General Aptitude: – 50 Marks

(i) General Knowledge.
(ii) Reasoning Aptitude,
(iii) Quantitative Aptitude,
(iv) General Hindi & General English



Syllabus for Limited Departmental Exam for the post of PGT (BIOLOGY)

1 – Diversity of Living Organisms
The Living World
Biodiversity, taxonomy and systematics, Binomial nomenclature, Biological Classification
Biological Classification –
Five Kingdom Classification
Plant Kingdom –
Salient features and classification of plants into major groups — Algae, Bryophyta,      Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae and Angiospermae
Animal Kingdom –
Salient features and classification of animals – nomenclature up to phyla level and chordates up
to class level.

2 – Structural Organization in Animals and Plants
Morphology of flowering plants – root, stem, leaf, inflorescence, flower, fruit seed.
Anatomy of flowering plants – root, stem, leaf.
Structural Organization in Animals –
Animal tissues – types of animal tissues.

3 – Cell – Structure and Functions
Cell – The Unit of Life –
Cell theory, cell and its structure
Biomolecules –
Chemical constituents of living cells – biomolecules.
Enzymes – Classification and nomenclature of enzymes.
Cell Cycle and cell Division – Mitosis and meiosis

4 – Plant Physiology –
Transportation in Plants –
Means of transport – Diffusion, facilitated diffusion, active transport, imbibition, water potential, osmosis, plasınolysis; long distance transport of water – Absorption, transpiration pull, root pressure and guttation; transportation, opening and closing of stomata. Transport of food, phloem transport, mass flow hypothesis.
Mineral Nutrition
Essential minerals, macro and micronutrients and their role, Deficiency symptoms, hydroponics, nitrogen cycle, biological nitrogen fixation.
Photosynthesis –
Photochemical and biosynthetic phases, photorespiration; C3 and C4 pathways factors affecting photosynthesis.
Respiration in Plants –
Glycolysis, fermentation, TCA Cycle, respiratory quotient.
Plant-Growth and Development
Seed Germination, Growth Regulators, Seed Dormancy, Vernalisation, Photoperiodism

5 – Human Physiology –
Digestion and Absorption –
Alimentary canal and digestive glands, Role of digestive enzymes&gastro-intestinal hormones, Absorption and assimilation of proteins, carbohydrates and fats, Digestive disorders.
          Mechanism of Breathing and its regulation in Humans –
Respiratory volume, respiratory disorders
          Body Fluids and Circulation –
Composition of blood, blood group, Human circulatory system, Structure of human heart and blood vessels, ECG, Double circulation, Disorders of circulatory system
          Excretory Products and its Elimination –
Modes of excretion, Human excretory system, Disorders, Osmoregulation, Urine formation

         Locomotion and Movement –
Types of movement, Skeletal system and its function, Joints, Disorders of muscular and skeletal systems
         Neural Control and Coordination –
Neuron and nerves, Nervous sytem in humans, Central nervous system, Peripheral             nervous  system, Visceral nervous system, Reflex action, Sense organs, Elementary structure and function of eye and ear.
       Chemical Coordination and Regulation

Human endocrine system, Role of hormones as messengers and regulators, Hypo and hyper activity and related disorders.

6. Reproduction
        Reproduction in Organisms –
Sexual and Asexual Reproduction
        Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
Flower Structure, pollination, double fertilization, post fertilization events, development of seed and formation of fruit, Special modes – apomixis, parthenocarpy

         Human Reproduction –
Male and fernale reproductive system, spermetogenesis and oogenesis, fertilization – embryo development up to blastocyst, parturition and lactation
        Reproductive Health —
Need for reproductive health, prevention of sexually transmitted diseases, birth control,
amniocentesis, assisted reproductive technologies – IVF, ZIFT, GIFT

7. Genetics and Evolution –
           Principles of Inheritance and Evolution –
Heredity and evolution, Mendellianinheritance, Deviations from Mendelisin – Incomplete
dominance, Co-dominance, Multiple alleles and inheritance of blood groups, pleiotropy, polygenic inheritance, chromosome theory of inheritance, chromosomes and genes, linkage and crossing-over,chromosomal disorders in hurnans.

            Molecular basis of inheritance –
DNA as genetic material, Structure of DNA and RNA, DNA replication, Central dogma,
transcription, genetic code, translation, Lac Operon, Human genome project, DNA finger printing.
            Evolution –
Biological evolution and evidences for biological evolution, Darwin’s contribution, Mechanism of evolution – variation (mutation and recombination) and natural selection, Gene flow and genetic drift.

8. Biology and Human Welfare –
              Human Health and Diseases –
Pathogens, Parasites causing human diseases – (malaria, dengue, chickengunia, filariasis,
ascariasis, typhoid, pneumonia, common cold, amoebiasis, ring worm) and their control, Cancer,
              Strategies for Enhancement in Food production –
Plant breeding, tissue culture, single cell protein, Bio fortification, Apiculture, Animal husbandry
             Microbes in Human Welfare –
In household food processing, industrial production, sewage treatment, energy generation and microbes as biological agents and bio fertilizers, Antibiotics.

9. Biotechnology and its Applications –
             Biotechnology – Principles and Processes

Genetic engineering (Recombinant DNA technology)
             Biotechnology and its Application –
Application of biotechnology in health and agriculture.

10. Ecology and Environment-
              Organisms and Populations –
Habitat and niche, population and ecological adaptations, population interactions — mutualism, competition, predation, parasitism
              Ecosystem –
Energy flow, Pyramid of number, bio mass, energy, Nutrient cycles (Carbon and Phosphorous), Ecological succession
              Biodiversity and its Conservation –
Importance of biodiversity, patterns of biodiversity, loss of biodiversity, biodiversity
conservation, biosphere reserves.
              Environmental Issues –
Air pollution and its control, Water pollution and its control, Solid waste management,
Radioactive waste management, Greenhouse effect, Ozone depletion, Deforestation

Reference Books: Text Books published by NCERT for classes XI & XII.


Candidates can download syllabus PDF from here. – Click Here

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