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(New) KVS PGT Biology Syllabus 2022: PDF Download: Syllabus Website

Last updated on January 20th, 2023 at 06:59 pm

KVS PGT Biology Syllabus

KVS PGT Biology Syllabus can be read or downloaded from here. KVS has changed the syllabus and pattern for the recruitment of various posts. Kendriya Vidayala Sangthan conducts exam for various posts one of them KVS Post Graduate Teacher. Candidates can download Syllabus PDF from the link given below. You can also buy best book for your preparation from the link below.

KVS PGT Biology Detailed Syllabus and Pattern

Scheme of Exam for Direct Recruitment of Post Graduate Teacher: The written test is of 180 marks (180 objective type multiple choice questions) carrying 01 mark for each question. The duration of written test will be 180 minutes (03:00 Hours) without any time limit for each part individually. Section Name -Nature of Questions Part I – Proficiency in Languages (20 marks):

  1. General English-10 questions
  2. General Hindi- 10 questions
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Part II – General Awareness, Reasoning & Proficiency in Computers (20 marks)

  1. General Awareness & Current Affairs (10 Ques.)
  2. Reasoning Ability (5 Ques.)
  3. Computer Literacy (5 Ques.)

Part-III: Perspectives on Education and Leadership (40 questions) (a) Understanding the Learner-(15 Questions) (b) Understanding Teaching Learning -(15 Questions) (c) Creating Conducive Learning Environment and (d) School Organization and Leadership- (10 Questions – C,D & E) (e) Perspectives in Education Part IV – Subject-specific Syllabus (100 marks) – Refer Annexure Professional Competency Test: The Professional Competency Test is of 60 marks (Demo Teaching -30 marks and Interview -30Marks). Note: The weightage of Written Test & Professional Competency (Demo Teaching:15 and Interview:15) will be 70:30 Final merit list will be based on the performance of the candidate in Written Test & Professional Competency Test taken together. KVS TGT, PGT & PRT Common Paper on New Syllabus (English Medium) KVS TGT, PGT & PRT Common Paper on New Syllabus (Hindi Medium) Perspective on Education & Leadership (English Medium) Perspective on Education & Leadership (Hindi Medium)

Scheme & Syllabus of Exam for Direct Recruitment of PGTs: Part I – Proficiency in Languages (20 marks): (a) General English (10 Questions) Reading comprehension, word power, Grammar & usage (b) General Hindi (10 Questions) पठन कौशल, शब्द सामर्थ्य, व्याकरण एवं प्रयुक्ति Part II – General awareness, Reasoning & Proficiency in Computers (20 marks):   (g) General Awareness& Current Affairs (10 Questions) (h) Reasoning Ability (5 Questions) (i) Computer Literacy (5 Questions) Part III -Perspectives on Education and Leadership   (40 marks):   (A) Understanding the Learner (15 questions)

  • Concept of growth, maturation and development, principles and debates of development, development tasks and challenges
  • Domains of Development: Physical, Cognitive, Socio-emotional, Moral etc., deviations in development and its implications.
  • Understanding Adolescence: Needs, challenges and implications for designing institutional support.
  • Role of Primary and Secondary Socialization agencies. Ensuring Home school continuity.

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(B) Understanding Teaching Learning (15 Questions) Theoretical perspectives on Learning -Behaviorism, Cognitivism and Constructivism with special reference to their implications for:

  1. The role of teacher
  2. The role of learner
  • Nature of teacher-student relationship
  1. Choice of teaching methods
  2. Classroom environment
  3. Understanding of discipline, power etc.

Factors affecting learning and their implications for:

  1. Designing classroom instructions,
  2. Planning student activities and,
  • Creating learning spaces in school.

Planning and Organization of Teaching-Learning

  1. Concept of Syllabus and Curriculum, Overt and Hidden Curriculum, Principles of curriculum organization
  2. Competency based Education, Experiential learning, etc.
  • Instructional Plans: -Year Plan, Unit Plan, Lesson Plan
  1. Instructional material and resources
  2. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) for teaching-learning
  3. Evaluation: Purpose, types and limitations. Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation, Characteristics of a good tool.
  • Assessment of learning, for learning and as learning: Meaning, purpose and considerations in planning each.

Enhancing Teaching Learning processes: Classroom Observation and Feedback, Reflections and Dialogues as a means of constructivist teaching C.) Creating Conducive Learning Environment (04 questions)

  • The concepts of Diversity, disability and Inclusion, implications of disability as social construct, types of disabilities-their identification and interventions
  • Concept of School Mental Health, addressing the curative, preventive and promotive dimensions of mental health for all students and staff. Provisioning for guidance and counselling.
  • Developing School and community as a learning resource.

(D) School Organization and Leadership (04 questions)

  • Leader as reflective practitioner, team builder, initiator, coach and mentor.
  • Perspectives on School Leadership: instructional, distributed and transformative
  • Vision building, goal setting and creating a School development Plan
  • Using School Processes and forums for strengthening teaching learning-Annual Calendar, time-tabling, parent teacher forums, school assembly, teacher development forums, using achievement data for improving teaching -learning, School Self Assessment an Improvement

(E) Perspectives in Education (02 questions)

  • NEP-2020: Curriculum and Pedagogy in Schools: Holistic & Integrated Learning; Equitable and Inclusive Education: Learning for All; Competency based learning and Education.
  • Guiding Principles for Child Rights, Protecting and provisioning for rights of children to safe and secure school environment, Right of Children to free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009,
  • Creating partnerships with community, industry and other neighbouring schools and Higher Education Institutes-forming learning communities Historically studying the National Policies in education with special reference to school education;
  • School Curriculum Principles: Perspective, Learning and Knowledge, Curricular Areas, School Stages, Pedagogy and Assessment

Part IV – Subject-specific Syllabus (100 marks): Note: The Professional Competency Test (Demo Teaching and Interview), is of 60 marks. The weightage of Written Test & Professional Competency Test (Demo Teaching and Interview) will be in the ratio of 70:30. Final merit list will be based on the performance of the candidate in Written Test, Professional Competency Test taken together.

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Syllabus  for the post of PGT (BIOLOGY)

Syllabus for the post of PGT –Biology   Subject specific syllabus includes the concepts of NCERT/CBSE syllabus and Text Books (Classes XI & XII), however, the questions will be testing the depth of understanding and application of these concepts at the level of Post- Graduation.  

The Living World Biodiversity; Need for classification; three domains of life; taxonomy and systematics; concept of species and taxonomical hierarchy; binomial nomenclature  

Biological Classification Five kingdom classification; Salient features and classification of Monera, Protista and Fungi into major groups; Lichens, Viruses and Viroids.

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Plant Kingdom Classification of plants into major groups; Salient and distinguishing features and a few examples of Algae, Bryophyta, Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae (Topics excluded – Angiosperms, Plant Life Cycle and Alternation of Generations).

Animal Kingdom Salient features and classification of animals, non-chordates up to phyla level and chordates up to class level (salient features and at a few examples of each category). Morphology of Flowering Plants Morphology of different parts of flowering plants: root, stem, leaf, inflorescence, flower, fruit and seed. Description of families: Solanaceae

Anatomy of Flowering Plants Anatomy and functions of tissue systems in dicots and monocots.

Structural Organisation in Animals Morphology, Anatomy and functions of different systems (digestive, circulatory, respiratory, nervous and reproductive) of frog.

Cell-The Unit of Life Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life, structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells; Plant cell and animal cell; cell envelope; cell membrane, cell wall; cell organelles – structure and function; endomembrane system- endoplasmic reticulum, ribosomes, golgi bodies, lysosomes, vacuoles; mitochondria, plastids, microbodies; cytoskeleton, cilia, flagella, centrioles (ultrastructure and function); nucleus.

Biomolecules Chemical constituents of living cells: biomolecules, structure and function of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids; Enzymes – properties, enzyme action.

Cell Cycle and Cell Division Cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis and their significance

Photosynthesis in Higher Plants Photosynthesis as a means of autotrophic nutrition; site of photosynthesis, pigments involved in photosynthesis (elementary idea); photochemical and biosynthetic phases of photosynthesis; cyclic and non-cyclic photophosphorylation; chemiosmotic hypothesis; photorespiration; C3 and C4 pathways; factors affecting photosynthesis. Respiration in Plants Exchange of gases; cellular respiration – glycolysis, fermentation (anaerobic), TCA cycle and electron transport system (aerobic); energy relations – number of ATP molecules generated; amphibolic pathways; respiratory quotient.

Plant – Growth and Development Seed germination; phases of plant growth and plant growth rate; conditions for growth; differentiation, dedifferentiation and redifferentiation; sequence of developmental processes in a plant cell; growth regulators – auxin, gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene, ABA.

Breathing and Exchange of Gases Introduction to respiratory organs in animals; Respiratory system in humans; mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans – exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of respiration, respiratory volumes; disorders related to respiration – asthma, emphysema, occupational respiratory disorders.

Body Fluids and Circulation Composition of blood, blood groups, coagulation of blood; composition of lymph and its function; human circulatory system – Structure of human heart and blood vessels; cardiac cycle, cardiac output, ECG; double circulation; regulation of cardiac activity; disorders of circulatory system – hypertension, coronary artery disease, angina pectoris, heart failure.

Excretory Products and their Elimination Modes of excretion – ammonotelism, ureotelism, uricotelism; human excretory system – structure and function; urine formation, osmoregulation; regulation of kidney function – renin – angiotensin, atrial natriuretic factor, ADH, diabetes insipidus; micturition; role of other organs in excretion; disorders – uremia, renal failure, renal calculi, nephritis; dialysis and artificial kidney, kidney transplant.

Locomotion and Movement Types of movement – amoeboid, ciliary, flagellar, muscular; skeletal muscle, contractile proteins and muscle contraction; skeletal system and its functions; joints; disorders of muscular and skeletal systems – myasthenia gravis, tetany, muscular dystrophy, arthritis, osteoporosis, gout.

Neural Control and Coordination Neuron and nerves; Nervous system in humans – central nervous system and peripheral nervous system; generation and conduction of nerve impulse; visceral nervous system.

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Chemical Coordination and Integration Endocrine glands and hormones; human endocrine system – hypothalamus, pituitary, pineal, thyroid, parathyroid, thymus, adrenal, pancreas, gonads; hormones of heart, kidney and gastrointestinal tract; mechanism of hormone action (elementary idea); role of hormones as messengers and regulators, hypo – and hyperactivity and related disorders; dwarfism, acromegaly, cretinism, goiter, exophthalmic goiter, diabetes, Addison’s disease.


Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants Flower structure; development of male and female gametophytes; pollination – types, agencies and examples; outbreeding devices; pollen-pistil interaction; double fertilization; post fertilization events – development of endosperm and embryo, development of seed and formation of fruit; special modesapomixis, parthenocarpy, polyembryony; Significance of seed dispersal and fruit formation.

Human Reproduction Male and female reproductive systems; microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary; gametogenesis – spermatogenesis and oogenesis; menstrual cycle; fertilisation, embryo development upto blastocyst formation, implantation; pregnancy and placenta formation ; parturition ; lactation .

Reproductive Health Need for reproductive health and prevention of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs); birth control – need and methods; medical termination of pregnancy (MTP); amniocentesis; infertility and assisted reproductive technologies – IVF, ZIFT, GIFT

Principles of Inheritance and Variation Heredity and variation, Mendelian inheritance; deviations from Mendelism – incomplete dominance, co-dominance, multiple alleles and inheritance of blood groups, pleiotropy; elementary idea of polygenic inheritance; chromosome theory of inheritance; chromosomes and genes; linkage and crossing over; Sex determination – in human being, birds and honey bee; sex linked inheritance – haemophilia, colour blindness; Mendelian disorders in humans –thalassemia; chromosomal disorders in humans; Down’s syndrome, Turner’s and Klinefelter’s syndromes.

Molecular Basis of Inheritance Structure of DNA and RNA; DNA packaging; Search for genetic material and DNA as genetic 8 material; DNA replication; Central Dogma; transcription, genetic code, translation; gene expression and regulation – lac operon; Human genome project; DNA fingerprinting.

Evolution Origin of life; biological evolution and evidences for biological evolution (paleontology, comparative anatomy, embryology and molecular evidences); adaptive radiation; Darwin’s theory of evolution; mechanism of evolution – variation (mutation and recombination) and natural selection with examples, types of natural selection; Gene flow and genetic drift; Hardy – Weinberg’s principle; human evolution

Human Health and Diseases Pathogens; parasites causing human diseases (malaria, dengue, chikungunya, filariasis, ascariasis, typhoid, pneumonia, common cold, amoebiasis, ring worm) and their control; Basic concepts of immunology – vaccines; cancer, HIV and AIDS; Adolescence – drug and alcohol abuse.

Biotechnology – Principles and Processes Genetic Engineering (Recombinant DNA Technology).

Biotechnology and its Application Application of biotechnology in health and agriculture: genetically modified organisms – Bt crops; Human insulin, gene therapy; molecular diagnosis; transgenic animals; biosafety issues, biopiracy and patents.

Organisms and Populations Population interactions – mutualism, competition, predation, parasitism, commensalism; population attributes – growth, birth rate and death rate, age distribution.

Ecosystem, productivity and decomposition; energy flow; pyramids of number, biomass, energy.

Biodiversity and Conservation Biodiversity – Concept, levels, patterns, importance; loss of biodiversity; biodiversity conservation; hotspots, endangered organisms, extinction, Red Data Book, Sacred Groves, biosphere reserves, national parks, wildlife, sanctuaries and Ramsar sites


Reference Books: Text Books published by NCERT for classes XI & XII. This is the complete and latest syllabus for KVS PGT Biology Syllabus. Download KVS PGT Biology Syllabus PDF 2022

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