KVS PGT Chemistry Syllabus
Candidates, who are preparing for KVS PGT, can read or download KVS PGT Chemistry Syllabus. We have provide complete syllabus and pattern of Kendriya Vidyalaya Post Graduate Teacher.
KVS PGT Chemistry Detailed Syllabus
The syllabus and pattern is divided in different parts. There are 150 Questions are asked in this exam. Total time 2:30 hours is given to solve complete paper.
The paper is based on objective type multiple choice questions.
|S.No.||PGT (Post Graduate Teachers)
|No. Questions||Maximum Marks|
(i) General Knowledge (18 Questions)
|Total (Duration of LDE: 2 Hours 30 Minutes||150||150|
KVS PGT Syllabus in Detail
You can analyze complete syllabus that is given below. General aptitude is also given in detail.
|Topics||Details||Number of Questions|
That Do no require subject specialization
|A. Current Affairs/events of national and international importance
B. History of India and Indian National Movements.
C. Indian and World Geography- Physical, Social, Economic geography and of India and the world etc.
D. Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Issues, Articles, Rights etc.
E. Economic and Social Development – Sustainable development, poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social sectors initiatives etc.
F. General issues on Environment, Ecology, Bio-diversity, Climate Change, General Science, General Computer & Computer Literacy.
|Reasoning Aptitude||A. General Mental/ Analytical Ability
B. Verbal/Logical Reasoning, Relations & Hierarchies
C. Analogies, Assertion, Truth Statements.
D. Coding and Decoding, Situational Reasoning.
E. Series and Patterns involving words and alphabets.
|Hindi & English Knowledge||A. Proficiency related to the language, Elements of Language, Pedagogy of language development,
Communication and Comprehension abilities, Speaking, Listening, Reading and Writing proficiencies etc.
|Quantitative Aptitude||A. Two and Three dimensional/Venn diagrams based questions
B. Number Patterns, Series, Sequences, Basic Numeracy
C. Arithmetic aptitude, Data interpretation (Charts, Graphs or tables, Data sufficiency etc.)
D. Direction sense, Analysis and interpretation in various contexts.
|General Aptitude Total Marks||50|
Knowledge/Areas/Skill to be tested
A. Subject Competency- (80 Marks)
(As per annexure)
B. Academics: (20 Marks)
- Teaching methodology
- Basics of ICT and Educational psychology
- Instructional leadership assessment & other related issues.
- Admission Guidelines Code of Conduct of teachers and students
- Rules for Examination and Promotion & Scheme of Studies and Syllabus.
- Academic supervision
- Health Services in schools.
C. General Aptitude: – 50 Marks
(i) General Knowledge.
(ii) Reasoning Aptitude,
(iii) Quantitative Aptitude,
(iv) General Hindi & General English
TOTAL MARKS: 150
Syllabus for LDE to the post of PGT (CHEMISTRY)
Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry
Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory.
Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept and molar mass, percentage composition.
Structure of Atom
Discovery of Electron, Proton and Neutron, atomic number, isotopes and isobars. Bohr’s model and its Limitations, concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and light, concept of orbitals, quantum numbers, shapes of s, p and d orbitals, rules for filling electrons in orbitals – Aufbau principle, Pauli’s exclusion principle and hund’s rule.
Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties
Significance of classification, brief history of the development of periodic table, modern periodic law and the present form of periodic table, periodic trends in properties of elements – atomic radii, ionic radii, inert gas radii, lionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, clectronegativity, valency: Nomenclature of elements with atomic number enthalpy, electronegativity, valency. Nomenclature of elements with atomic number greater than 100.
Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameter, Lewis structure, polar character of covalent bond, covalent character of ionic bond, valence bond theory, resonance, geometry of covalent molecules, VSEPR theory, concept of hybridization, involving. s, p, and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules (qualitative idea only), hydrogen bond.
First law of thermodynamics – internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and specific heat, measurement of AU and AH, Hess’s law of constant heat summation, enthalpy of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, ionization, solution and dilution. Second law of
Thermodynamics (brief introduction)
Introduction of entropy as a state function, gibb’s energy change for spontaneous and non-spontaneous processes, criteria for equilibrium.
Third law of thermodynamics (brief introduction).
Equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibrium – Le Chatelier’s principle, ionic equilibrium-ionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes. degree of ionization, ionization of poly basic acids, acid strength, concept of pH.
s-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals)
Group 1 and Group 2 Elements
Electronic configuration, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationship, trends in the variation of properties (such as ionization enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii), trends in chemical reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen and halogens, uses.
Preparation and Properties of Some Important Compounds:
Sodium Carbonate, Sodium Chloride. Sodium Hydroxide.
Some p-Block Elements
General Introduction to p-Block Elements
Group 13 Elements: Trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous properties of first element of the group,
Borax, Boric acid, Boron Hydrides.
Group 14 Elements: Trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous behavior of first elements. Carbon-catenation, allotropic forms. Important compounds of silicon and few uses: Silicon Tetrachloride, Silicones, Silicates and Zeolites, their uses.
Classification of Hydrocarbons Aliphatic Hydrocarbons:
Alkanes – Nomenclature, isomerism, conformation (ethane only), physical properties, chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenations, combustion and pyrolysis.
Alkenes – Nomenclature, structure of double bond (ethane), geometrical isomerism, physical properties,
methods of preparation, chemical reactions: addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides
(Markownikov’s addition and peroxide effect), ozonolysis. oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition.
Alkynes – Nomenclature, structure of triple bond (ethyne), physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: acidic character of alkynes. addition reaction of – hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides and water.
Aromatic Hydrocarbons: introduction, IUPAC nomenclature, benzene: resonance, aromaticity, chemical
properties: mechanism of electrophilic substitution. Nitration, sulphonation, halogenations, Friedel Craft’s alkylation and acylation, directive influence of functional group in monosubstituted benzene.
Carcinogenicity and toxicity.
Environmental pollution – air, water and soil pollution, chemical reactions in atmosphere, smog, major atmospheric pollutants, acid rain, ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer, greenhouse effect and global warming- pollution due to industrial wastes, green chemistry as an alternative tool for
reducing pollution, strategies for control of environmental pollution.
Redox reactions, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity, variations of conductivity with concentration, Kohlrausch’s Law, electrolysis and law of electrolysis (elementary idea), dry cell-electrolytic cells and Galvanic cells, lead accumulator, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, Nernst equation and its application to chemical cells, Relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell, fuel cells, corrosion.
Rate of a reaction (Average and instantaneous), factors affecting rate of reaction: concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction, rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half life (only for zero and first order reactions). Activation energy, Arrhenious equation.
General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
Principal and methods of extraction – concentration, oxidation, reduction – electrolytic method and refining; occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron.
“p” -Block Elements Oxoacids of phosphorus, Sulphur, and halogens (structure only), and trends in their chemical properties.
“d” and “f” Block Elements
General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first row transition metals – metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation,
preparation and properties of K2Cr207 and KMno4.
Lanthanoids – electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences.
Actinoids – electronic configuration, oxidation states and comparison with lanthanoids
Haloalkanes and Haloarenes.
Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of C-X bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions, optical rotation.
Haloarenes: Nature of C-X bond, substitution reactions (Directive influence of halogen in monosubstituted compounds only).
Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
Aldehydes and Ketones: Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of nucleophilic addition, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes: uses.
Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses.
Carbohydrates – Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccahrides (glucose and fructose), D-L configuration oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen); importance of carbohydrates. (Excluding structure) Proteins -elementary idea of – amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides.
Vitamins – Classification and functions.
Chemistry of Everyday life
Chemical in medicines – analgesics, tranquilizers antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility
drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines.
Chemicals in food – preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants.
Cleansing agents – soaps and detergents, cleansing action.
Reference Books : Text Books published by NCERT for classes XI & XII.
Candidates can download syllabus PDF from here. – Click Here