KVS PGT Geography Syllabus: Download Syllabus PDF

KVS PGT Geography Syllabus

KVS aspirants can read or download KVS PGT Geography Syllabus from here.


KVS PGT Geography Detailed Syllabus and Pattern

S.No. PGT (Post Graduate Teachers)
No. Questions Maximum Marks
1 Subject Competency 80 80
2 Academics 20 20
3 General Aptitude

(i) General Knowledge (18 Questions)
(ii) Reasoning Aptitude (12 Questions)
(iii) Quantitative Aptitude (06 Questions)
(iv) General Hindi & General English (14)

50 50
Total (Duration of LDE: 2 Hours 30 Minutes 150 150

KVS PGT Syllabus in Detail

You can analyze complete syllabus that is given below. General aptitude is also given in detail.

Topics Details Number of Questions
General Knowledge
That Do no require subject specialization
A. Current Affairs/events of national and international importance
B. History of India and Indian National Movements.
C. Indian and World Geography- Physical, Social, Economic geography and of India and the world etc.
D. Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Issues, Articles, Rights etc.
E. Economic and Social Development – Sustainable development, poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social sectors initiatives etc.
F. General issues on Environment, Ecology, Bio-diversity, Climate Change, General Science, General Computer & Computer Literacy.
Reasoning Aptitude A. General Mental/ Analytical Ability
B. Verbal/Logical Reasoning, Relations & Hierarchies
C. Analogies, Assertion, Truth Statements.
D. Coding and Decoding, Situational Reasoning.
E. Series and Patterns involving words and alphabets.
Hindi & English Knowledge A. Proficiency related to the language, Elements of Language, Pedagogy of language development,
Communication and Comprehension abilities, Speaking, Listening, Reading and Writing proficiencies etc.
Quantitative Aptitude A. Two and Three dimensional/Venn diagrams based questions
B. Number Patterns, Series, Sequences, Basic Numeracy
C. Arithmetic aptitude, Data interpretation (Charts, Graphs or tables, Data sufficiency etc.)
D. Direction sense, Analysis and interpretation in various contexts.
General Aptitude Total Marks 50


Knowledge/Areas/Skill to be tested

A. Subject Competency- (80 Marks)

(As per annexure)

B. Academics: (20 Marks)

  • Pedagogy
  • Teaching methodology
  • Basics of ICT and Educational psychology
  • Instructional leadership assessment & other related issues.
  • Admission Guidelines Code of Conduct of teachers and students
  • Rules for Examination and Promotion & Scheme of Studies and Syllabus.
  • Academic supervision
  • Health Services in schools.

C. General Aptitude: – 50 Marks

(i) General Knowledge.
(ii) Reasoning Aptitude,
(iii) Quantitative Aptitude,
(iv) General Hindi & General English




Syllabus for Limited Departmental Exam. for the post of PGT (Geography)

Topic 1 – Geography as a discipline-
Geographical ideas in ancient, medieval & modern periods: the contributions of Varenius, Kant, Reine, Humboldt and Ritter. Influence of Richthofen and Darwin. Videl-da-la Blache, F. Ratzel etc. Contemporary geography: Post Second World War, Environmentalism, Areal Differentiation, spatial organization, Behavioural and perceptual Geography. Positivism in Geography. Humanistic Geography. Marxist Geography and critical social theory. Development in Indian Geography. Time space geography. Human ecology, Geography: A new synthesis (Empiricist philosophy of regional geography, Scientific explanations / analysis, trends towards a new synthesis).

Topic-2 Origin and Evolution of the Earth-
Introduction to the solar system, Motions of Earth: Rotation, Revolution, Occurrence of Day and Night; change of seasons; Latitudes and Longitudes; Finding time. Earth’s Interior: Origin of continents and ocean basis Wagener’s Continental drift theory, Theory of Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes and Volcanoes, Folding and faulting, Origin of the Earth: Nebular hypothesis (old Theory) and Big-Bang Theory. Evolution of continents, atmosphere and oceans.

Topic-3 Interior of the Earth and Distribution of oceans and continents-
Constitution of Earth’s interior (based on Seismic Evidences), origin of the continents and ocean basins. Wegner’s theory of Continental drift and Plate Tectonics. Plate movements and interactions-Volcanism and seismicity.

Topic-4 Landforms-
Mountains: & Importance Plateaus: Types & effects on Human life, Plains: types & effects on Human Life, Mineral and rocks- classification of rocks, rock cycle. Important minerals geomorphic process of denudation Endogenic and Exogenic processes. Weathering, Mass Wasting, Landslide, Work of River, Glacier, Wind, Sea Waves etc, and Soils: soil profile, processes of soil formation, properties & Classification.

Topic-5 Climate:
Atmosphere: Composition and structure. Insolation and temperature, Atmospheric pressure and winds, Atmospheric moisture(Precipitation), Air masses, Fronts and cyclones, classification of climate (Koeppen and Thornthwaite Schemes classification). Global climatic changes: Causes and effects.

Topic-6 Water (Ocean)
Geomorphology of the ocean floor, submarine relief features of Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Ocean. Movement of ocean water: Currents, tides and waves. Hydrological cycle. Marine deposits and coral reefs. Temperature and Salinity of the Sea.

Topic -7 Life on the Earth
Approaches in environmental Geography, landscape, ecosystem and perception approaches, Man and the Biosphere: Interactive and dynamic relationship. Human impact on biogeochemical cycles.

Topic-8 India:
Geographical basis of Indian State-territory; location, extent, shape and size.

Topic-9 Physiography:
Structure, Physiographic divisions, Drainage system and its evolution.

Topic-10 Climate, Vegetation and Soil-
Climate: factors controlling climate of India Origin and mechanism of Indian monsoon; Seasons of India, Classification of climate of India (Koeppen’s, Thornthwaite, Triwartha).
Soils: Type and distribution (I.C.A.R.), ‘Soil problems, conservation of soil Vegetation- Types & Distribution; conservation Wild Life- its conservation.

Topic-11 Natural Hazards and disasters-
Causes, Consequences and management in India Environmental Hazards: Floods, droughts, cyclones, earthquakes and landslides; human adjustment to hazards; hazards perception and mitigation; environmental institutions and legislation in India.

Topic-12 Human Geography: Nature and Scope.
Natūre and scope of Human Geography, Approaches to the Human Geography, Determinism, Environmental Determinism, Possibilism, Neo-determinism, ecological and Behaviouralism.

Topic -13 People (World and India)
Trends and patterns of population growth: determinants and patterns of population distribution; theories, demographic transition; Human migration, Patterns of human development.

Topic-14 Human Activities: (World and India)
Primary: -Hunting, gathering, Herding (Nomadic & Commercial) Lumbering fishing, mining and agriculture; Agricultural practices; some major crops. Secondary: – Industries: Classification. Theories of localization, major Industries, recent trends in industries, world comparisons. Tertiary: – (Services) Quaternary-Quinary activities, Planning in India: target area planning, idea of sustainable development

Topic-15 Transport, Communication and Trade (World and India)
Transport and communication Roads, railways, waterways and airways: oil and gas pipelines national electric grids. Communication networking-radio, television, satellite and internet. International Trade-Basis and components, trade balance, major trading organizations, changing pattern of India’s foreign trade, sea-routes, inland water-ways, sea
ports and their hinter-land.

Topic-16 Human settlements (World and India)
Unstable and stable settlements, rural settlements: origin, types and patterns; Urban settlements: Origin and growth of towns; functional classification of towns. Problems of urbanization in the world; urbanization in India; Urban
slums and squatters. Morphology of cities; distribution of Mega-cities, problems of human settlements in Developing countries.

Topic -17 Geographical perspective on selected issues and problems
Environmental pollution- Land, Water, Air, Noise, Global Warming, Poverty, Food Security; Sustainable development.

Topic – 18 General Cartography (Practicals)
Elements and classification of maps, scales, map-projections. finding directions, latitudes, longitudes and calculation of local & standard time, identification & Analysis of relief forms: Topographical Maps and interpretation. Weather-instruments and interpretation of weather maps. Digital mapping, Remote sensing, Visual interpretation. Processing of Data, Thematic mapping, representing statistical data by various diagrams-Bar, Histogram, Pie etc. Spatial
Information technology: GIS, GPS, Computers-Software and Hardware components, Data format, Raster and Vector, editing and topology etc. Spatial Analysis; Overlay, Buffer and Proximity analysis.


Reference Books : Text Books published by NCERT for classes XI & XII.


Candidates can download syllabus PDF from here. – Click Here

Physical Education 12th Syllabus